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Charles Lindbergh Biography – The Famous American Aviator and Explorer

Charles Augustus Lindbergh gained international fame at the age of 25, when he successfully completed the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927. Aside from aviation and exploration, he also delved into literature, social activism and medical as well as aeronautic inventions.

Charles Lindbergh BiographyPHOTO BY PUBLIC DOMAIN

Charles Lindbergh Biography - Life and Works

The only child of a Swedish lawyer and a teacher from Detroit, Michigan, Lindbergh spent his early childhood years on a farm near Little Falls, Minnesota. His parents parted ways seven years after his birth on February 4, 1902. Charles then lived with his father and attended several schools in Washington D.C. before transferring to Redondo Union High School in California. Perhaps the greatest highlight of a Charles Lindbergh biography is his legendary nonstop flight from New York to Paris on May 20-21, 1927, in the hopes of winning a $25,000 prize offered by New York City hotel owner Raymond Orteig. Years after winning the Orteig challenge, Lindbergh invented a glass perfusion pump, recognized as the first artificial heart and credited with the advancement of heart surgery research. A Charles Lindbergh biography would not be complete without mentioning his invention of an aeronautical watch for the Swiss Longines brand.

Charles Lindbergh Kidnapping - Son’s Abduction and Death

Charles Augustus Lindbergh, Jr., the eldest of Lindbergh’s six children with wife Anne Morrow, was taken from their home in East Amwell, New Jersey, when the boy was only 20 months old. Lindbergh, despite shunning publicity at the height of his fame, sought the help of the media to help find his son and capture the kidnapper, whose ransom demands led to a $50,000 cash payment on April 2. The Charles Lindbergh kidnapping ended tragically on May 12, when the baby’s body was found lifeless not far from the family estate. A carpenter named Bruno Richard Hauptmann was arrested, convicted and executed in 1936 for the crime. At the time dubbed “the crime of the century,” the landmark Charles Lindbergh kidnapping gave birth to the federal Lindbergh Law, which deems kidnapping a federal offense if mail service is used to commit the crime - including for ransom demands - or if the victim is taken across state lines.

Charles Lindbergh Flight - Making History

Some heavier-than-air and lighter-than-air aircrafts had succeeded transatlantic flights even before Lindbergh’s mission. British aviators John Alcock and Arthur Whitten Brown travelled shorter than Lindbergh’s trip from the Canadian province of Newfoundland to Ireland on June 14 to 15, 1919, marking the first nonstop transatlantic flight in the world. Deciding to make the flight by himself, Lindbergh asked nine businessmen from St. Louis, Missouri, for financial support. He helped design the plane, which became known as The Spirit of St. Louis, with Ryan Aeronautical Company. The Charles Lindbergh flight was tested from San Diego to New York City, taking 20 hours and 21 minutes from May 10 to 11, 1927. The actual flight began on the morning of May 20, at Roosevelt Field, New York, and lasted 33 ½ hours. After 3,600 miles, the Charles Lindbergh flight ended at Le Bourget Field near Paris on the night of May 21.

Written by Lucy King

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