Mahatma Gandhi Biography – Nonviolence as Political Principle
Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of modern India, is the driving force responsible for freeing India from the British dominance. His principles of protesting against injustices through non-violence led to the elimination of British rule in India and improved the living conditions of the lower and less fortunate classes.
PHOTO BY BUNDESARCHIV, BILD 102-13884 / CC-BY-SA
Mahatma Gandhi Biography
Born in Porbandar, Gujarat on October 2, 1869, to Karamchand Gandhi, the Dewan or Prime Minister of Porbandar, and Putlibhai, Gandhi was very shy and timid, and was truthful from his childhood. During those days, as child marriage was prominent among the Hindus in India, Mahatma Gandhi
married at the age of thirteen.When Gandhi was 19, he went to the University of London to study law. Later, he went to South Africa to practice law and was one of the victims of racial discrimination by the British in South Africa. This instigated the desire in Gandhi’s mind, to eradicate the British colonial rule in India. He, along with several other leaders, fought for freedom with utmost confidence and courage, taking part in “Satyagrahas” and leading movements like the "Quit India Movement", to protest against the British supremacy.
Mohandas Gandhi - The Given Name for "Gandhiji"
While in South Africa, Mohandas Gandhi
- which was his given name - was once thrown off a train, as he was travelling on a first class compartment. British once arrested him in South Africa for leading some Indian miners to protest against the racial discrimination. By 1914, Gandhi returned to India and became the leader of Indian National Congress, and used his principle of non-violence to protest against the British dominancy. Gandhiji, as called fondly by Indians, fulfilled his dream of a free India, on August 15, 1947, with the British deciding to quit India, leaving India republic on January 26, 1950. On January 30, 1948, a man named Nathuram Godse, shot Gandhi direct on his chest, while he was coming out after his evening prayer. Mohandas Gandhi’s autobiography is published as “An Autobiography of My Experiments with Truth”.
Gandhi Movie - Eight Oscars for a Masterpiece
Based on the biography of Mahatma Gandhi, Richard Attenborough directed Gandhi movie with Ben Kingsley as Gandhi. The film was released on November 30, 1982 and received a lot of international acclaim. Winning eight Academy Awards ("Oscars") in total, including the Best Director and the Best Actor in a Leading Role Awards, the film also holds Guinness World Record for casting 300,000 extras on a scene in the film.Picture source: Bundesarchiv, Bild 102-13884 / CC-BY-SA