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Receding Gum – Loss of Gum Tissues

Also known as gingival recession, a receding gum is a condition wherein the roots of the person’s teeth are exposed due to the loss of significant gum tissue. Immediate action, such as gingival grafting, is needed in order to save the teeth and gums.

Receding GumPHOTO BY FLICKR.COM/USARMYAFRICA/

Receding Gum - Understanding Gingival Recession

A receding gum is among the most common problems that adults aged 40 and above experience. This condition is caused by various cleaning habits, preexisting conditions, and aging. At times a receding gum develops because of an abnormal position of a tooth; crowding for example, can inadequately cover a tooth or more and can cause gum displacement. Overaggressive brushing can eventually erode the gum line’s enamel, and cause damage to the tissue; inadequate brushing on the other hand allows the buildup of bacteria, causing the teeth to be broken down. Eating disorders such as bulimia can also cause the gums to recede because of the overexposure to damaging gastric enzymes.

Receding Gum Line - Identifying Symptoms

A receding gum line can develop gradually, ranging from a number of months to several years; this is why the condition is more common in middle aged adults. The symptoms begin with tooth sensitivity; a person will feel pain when exposed to hot or cold temperatures, as well as foods that are too spicy, sour, or sweet. Should there be a receding gum line, each tooth will appear a bit longer than it should be; at times the tooth’s root will also be visible. As the gum line continues to recede, gaps between the teeth will soon grow, making it easier for cavities to appear as well.

Receding Gums Treatment - Remedies

The most basic receding gums treatment involves getting to the dentist for a specialized deep cleaning session on the area affected. Also known as tooth scaling and additional root planning, plaque buildup on the tooth’s surface as well as the roots beneath the gum line are removed, and the root area that is exposed is made smooth in order to prevent bacterial growth. Should the recession of the gum line be severe, treatment will require surgery such as pocket depth reduction, bone and tissue regeneration, and grafting of the soft tissues in the gum. These surgeries are performed in order to penetrate deep into the gums and the bone to repair the tissues, which were damaged by the bacteria.

Written by Lucy King

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