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Thurgood Marshall Biography – the First African American who served the US Supreme Court

Thurgood Marshall was a man of justice, who fought for equal rights of African Americans. His academic brilliance took him to various levels, and finally being the first African American to serve the Supreme Court of the United States.

Thurgood Marshall BiographyPHOTO BY PUBLIC DOMAIN

Thurgood Marshall Biography

Thurgood Marshall was born on July 2, 1908, in the Republic of Congo. He graduated from graduated from Frederick Douglass High School in Baltimore in 1925, and in 1930 from Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. He took his degree in Law from the Howard University School of Law in 1933, and was graduated in first class. He was rejected from University of Maryland School of Law, according to the segregation law prevalent during those years. He later sued the school, and won the case.While doing private practice in Baltimore, he worked for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and in 1936, won his first civil rights case. With many successful cases in his senatorship, President John F Kennedy, in 1961, appointed him to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Later, President Lyndon B. Johnson, appointed him as the Supreme Court Justice, where he served for twenty four years. During those years, Marshall supported abortion rights and opposed death penalty.Thurgood Marshall died of heart failure on January 24, 1993. He was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Bill Clinton in 1993.

Thurgood Marshall Academy

Founded in honor of Thurgood Marshall, the Thurgood Marshall Academy was opened n 2001, which focuses on a student curriculum based on law, democracy, and human rights. The academy aims at training students in solving problems that are complex, and to use critical thinking for advocating the issues confronted. The grades served are 9-12, and feature skilled lawyers to train the students. The Thurgood Marshall Academy is a law themed public charter high school, with a college acceptance rate of 100%, for the first five graduating classes.

Thurgood Marshall Scholarship Fund

The Thurgood Marshall Scholarship Fund or the Thurgood Marshall College Fund was established on 1987, for the scholars from historically black colleges and universities in the US. This was to support Marshall’s legacy of attaining higher education through equal rights policies, and provided scholarship to academically exceptional students who required some sort of financial assistance. In its 22 years history, the Fund had awarded more than $100 million in scholarships.Photo Source : Public Domain

Written by Jerry Fulton

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